当前位置: 华中科技大学数学与统计学院 > 科学研究 > 学术活动 > 正文

热点关注

【学术报告】2018年7月18日上午王忠明副教授来我院举办学术讲座

2018-07-09 15:36:56    浏览次数:

字体 色彩方案

报告人:王忠明 (Florida International University)

报告题目:A Modified Poisson--Nernst--Planck Model with Excluded Volume Effect: Theory and Numerical Implementation. 

报告摘要:The Poisson--Nernst--Planck (PNP) equations have been widely applied to describe ionic transport in ion channels, nanofluidic devices, and many electrochemical systems. Despite their wide applications, the PNP equations fail in predicting dynamics and equilibrium states of ionic concentrations in confined environments, due to the ignorance of the excluded volume effect. In this work, a simple but effective modified PNP (MPNP) model with the excluded volume effect is derived, based on a modification of diffusion coefficients of ions. At the steady state, a modified Poisson--Boltzmann (MPB) equation is obtained with the help of the Lambert-W special function. The existence and uniqueness of a weak solution to the MPB equation are established. Further analysis on the limit of weak and strong electrostatic potential leads to two modified Debye screening lengths, respectively. A numerical scheme that conserves total ionic concentration and satisfies energy dissipation is developed for the MPNP model. Numerical analysis is performed to prove that our scheme respects ionic mass conservation and satisfies a corresponding discrete free energy dissipation law. Positivity of numerical solutions is also discussed and numerically investigated. Numerical tests are conducted to demonstrate that the scheme is of second-order accurate in spatial discretization and has expected properties. Extensive numerical simulations reveal that the excluded volume effect has pronounced impacts on the dynamics of ionic concentration and flux. In addition, the effect of volume exclusion on the timescales of charge diffusion is systematically investigated by studying the evolution of free energies and diffuse charges.

报告时间:2018年7月18日(星期三)上午10:00-11:00

报告地点:科技楼南702学术报告厅